The average duration of a majority government in Canada is 3 years, 10 months and 14 days.
The longest majority government lasted 2191 days (5 years, 11 months and 31 days). It occurred during the 12th Parliament: the writs were returned on October 7, 1911 and Parliament was dissolved October 6, 1917.
The shortest majority government lasted 486 days (1 year, 3 months and 30 days). It occurred during the 2nd Parliament: the writs were returned on September 3, 1872 and October 12, 1872 and Parliament was dissolved January 2, 1874.
The March 31, 1958 general election brought in a Progressive Conservative government claiming 208 seats of a total of 265 seats, giving the Progressive Conservatives a majority of 151 seats.
Two general elections gave Canada a government with a majority of 5 seats:
The September 14, 1926 election saw the Liberal/Liberal Progressive government claim 125 seats of a total of 245 seats.
The June 11, 1945 election also saw the Liberals claim 125 seats of a total of 245 seats.
The average duration of a minority government in Canada is 1 year, 7 months and 27 days.
The longest minority government lasted 1329 days (3 years, 7 months, and 20 days). It occurred during the 14th Parliament: the writs were returned on January 15, 1922 and Parliament was dissolved September 5, 1925.
However, due to coalition-building, by-elections and Members crossing the floor, the government of William Lyon Mackenzie King fluctuated between minority and majority status during the 14th Parliament.
The longest uninterrupted minority government, in which the government maintained a minority throughout, lasted 937 days (2 years, 6 months, and 24 days). It occurred during the 39th Parliament: the writs were returned on February 13, 2006 and Parliament was dissolved on September 7, 2008.
The shortest minority government lasted 177 days (5 months and 24 days). It occurred during the 23rd Parliament: the writs were returned on August 8, 1957 and Parliament was dissolved February 1, 1958.
The January 23, 2006 general election saw the Conservatives form the government with only 124 seats of the 308 seats in the House of Commons. The opposition parties collectively held 60 seats more than the Government.
Two general elections gave Canada a government with a minority of only 3 seats:
On December 6, 1921 the Liberal government won 116 seats and the opposition claimed the other 119 seats.
On November 8, 1965 the Liberal government won 131 seats and the opposition claimed the other 134 seats.